Photographs: None
List: Register of the National Estate
Class: Historic
Legal Status: Indicative Place
Place ID: 101338
Place File No: 1/14/029/0031
Nominator`s Statement of Significance:
Castlereagh was the earliest official settlement the Nepean River. Settlers were present from the early 1790s. Produce from Castlereagh ensured the survival of the Sydney colony. Governor King made land grants to settlers, mainly from the military, in 1803. Castlereagh Road, surveyed by James Meehan at this time, is one of the oldest in Australia and still follows its original alignment. It was the only road into the Evan District until the building of the Western Road (now Great Western Highway). Castlereagh was the site of many early confrontations between Aboriginals and Europeans. Aboriginal artifacts dating back 90,000 years have been found in the Castlereagh gravel beds. Governor Macquarie visited in 1810 and established Castlereagh as one of his five towns, the others being Wilberforce, Pitt Town, Windsor and Richmond. He planned Castlereagh on the ridge ( Church Lane) away from the flood plain. He included a church, cemetery and school. It is the only Macquarie town to fail as it was too far away from the water supply with settlers staying on the flood plain. Castlereagh has changed little since early settlement. Many early buildings, as well as original land grants remain. Castlereagh has been described as the last remaining remnant of early settlement on the Cumberland Plain. It is unique in that building styles from more than 200 years of European settlement have survives. It is of national importance as a site of early colonization. Buildings range from Colonial times to present day. Churches, schools, pioneer cemeteries, trees and fences also remain. Several lanes named after early settlers survive, as well as Jackson`s Mill, the only know remaining mill site on the Nepean River.
Official Values: Not Available
Castleragh is situated on the floodplain of the Nepean River in the Penrith area and was one of the earliest established areas in the colony of New South Wales. Castleragh Road, which runs the length of Castleragh on a north/south axis is one of the earliest roads in Australia, possibly being the third oldest. Castleragh is distinctive for the number of houses built before 1810 still surviving in the area. The area is predominantly a farming area and supplies much of the Sydney markets vegetable produce.
History: Not Available
Condition and Integrity: Not Available
About 300ha, bounded by the Nepean River, Private access road – 250m north of Castlereagh Equestrian Centre, Castlereagh Road, and the western boundary of Portion 301Parish of Castlereagh, Upper Castlereagh.

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