MELINDA MCNALLY LIVED IN CASTLEREAGH STREET AT THE ADDRESS OF REV RICHARD HILL. SHE IS MARKED THERE IN CENSUS IN THE 1820s. 1923 AND 1928 as a child of 9 and then of 11. An obvious discrepancy. She is also recorded as MATILDA. Some have written of her as being taken in following the death of her mother Judith, by the “kindly” Mrs Hill and treated as a foster child and as passing her time engaged in the activities of young ladies e.g. watercolour painting, writing verses and pleasant sewing. This seems to me doubtful. She is listed as SERVANT. She is the little girl of  a Roman Catholic Irish family with a father convicted of Desertion and sentenced to Life. Who knows what happened in this time ? Certainly her mother was still alive in 1823 and Patrick, Judith, Eliza, William, Sarah and John are all living in Kent street at that time as is Mary although she could have been already at the residence of James Martin as his ‘ housekeeper’. In 1828 we have the same situation except that William has gone out to Airds. Patrick is listed as being 45 and the female name following his is SUSANNAH instead of Judith. She is listed as being 43 which Judith would have been so it appears probable that it refers to Judith. Be that as it may,Melinda aka Matilda McNally who in 1822 was living in Windsor with her family – Irish, Catholic, with parents and siblings. Parents and children who had survived War and Court Martial and a journey from Canada to England to NSW, life on the Hawkesbury – then spent the years from at least 1823-1828 in the home of an Anglican Minister who lists Matilda as Protestant and Servant in the middle of Sydney.  We have Patrick’s Tickets of Exemption from Government Labour to reside with his wife Judith right up till 1832 when he received his pardon.

Be that as it may – Melinda’s life from  1823 when she was 8-9 years old till at least 1828 when she was 12-13 years old was spent living in Castlereagh Street .

  1805 when the Castlereagh Street School of Arts was being restored, the footings of some 1805 convict huts were found Explorers of the buried city find what really lies beneath


    In Castlereagh Street, lie five wells and the remains of a timber cottage dating from the early 1800s Explorers of the buried city find what really lies beneath
  1818 Registration of a transfer of a block of land in Castlereagh Street, Sydney, from Catherine Green, widow, to John Lowrie in 181836 Family Legends – can they be trusted?


  1822 Father Therry’s first school was located at the New Court in Castlereagh Street and had been opened in 1822 by Thomas Byrne  
? 1828 Webster :  in the 1828 Census of New South Wales his profession is listed as a “Carver & Guilder”, residing at Castlereagh Street, Sydney.  
1 CASTLEREAGH STREET 1842-1851 Nichodemas Dunn’s brewery at 1 Castlereagh Street, operating between 1842-1851 D*HUB
Castlereagh Street, between Market and Liverpool Streets ? very large blocks of land Owned by Richard and Robert Pearce PEARCE FAMILY

Castlereagh and Elizabeth Streets

The entrance to the Great Synagogue is located at 166 Castlereagh Street (nr Park Street).


The building was described by the Illustrated Sydney News in 1878 as:

“- a place of worship which, for lavish adornment and superb finish, has no equal in the city of Sydney… It has a frontage of sixty-four feet and extends back one hundred and forty feet, embracing the whole of the intervening space between Castlereagh and Elizabeth Streets

362 1882 ANNE HOARE In 1882, Ann lived at 362 Castlereagh Street, Sydney on the east side between Goulburn and Campbell Street. WILLIAM RIXON AND ANN HOARE
3 Fowler’s Place, off Castlereagh Street 1886 TREWIN, Esther Jane b: 17 APR 1886 Ted Marr’s MARR KILLEN YOUNG GRAY WILSON TURNER STEWART Family History
3 Fowler’s Place, off Castlereagh Street, 1887 TREWIN, Agnes Eva b: 14 DEC 1887 in  Sydney, NSW, Australia d: 9 APR 1888 in 3 Fowler’s Place, off Castlereagh Street, Sydney, NSW, Australia Ted Marr’s MARR KILLEN YOUNG GRAY WILSON TURNER STEWART Family History
3 Fowler’s Place, off Castlereagh Street 1889 TREWIN, William James b: 6 JAN 1889 Ted Marr’s MARR KILLEN YOUNG GRAY WILSON TURNER STEWART Family History


From Urban Jail to Bourgeois Suburb

The Transformation of Neighborhood in Early Colonial Sydney

Graeme Davison

Monash University

” Early colonial Sydney was founded on convict transportation but by the 1820s was being transformed by free settlement in a developing market economy. Neighborhood relations in the town were shaped by these intersecting influences, the first dividing convict from free settler, the second dividing rich from poor. Descriptions of the town portray it as divided between a plebeian west and a respectable east, but analysis of the 1828 census reveals a more complex social geography where convicts, exconvicts, and free settlers met in individual households and neighborhoods. Court records reveal the tensions this created. The solution, for many of the urban elite, was urban planning that would create a uniform, clean, segregated, and disciplined community.


Church Hill, Sydney

An eye witness, Frank Clune, recalled:

“In 1906 my home was near the Devonshire Street Cemetery. After the Government decided to extend the railway from Redfern to its present site, a tunnel was driven from Devonshire Street to George Street, through the graves of pioneers buried from 1819 to 1900. Like my scallywag companions, I was morbidly fascinated by the disinterment of the skeletons, which though done with due respect and reverence was still a grim spectacle for the crowds of onlookers. When Central Railway Station was completed, the tunnel from Devonshire Street to Railway Square was opened beneath the railway lines. Before that extension, steam trains from Redfern to the city crossed through Belmont Park to Castlereagh Street. A footbridge spanned the tram,-lines, on which I often stood trying to spit down the funnels of the locomotives.



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