AS noted before this is the year in which the McNallys arrived in NSW. Judith was on board the BROXBORNEBURY with Mary, William and Eliza. Patrick on board the SURRY I as a convict. With access to the historic newspapers , I have been able to locate further details of the Colony in the year of their arrival. Here are some of the stories.
SYDNEY GAZETTE 12 FEBRUARY 1814.
The Surry I and Broxbornebury arrived on July 28, 1814. Earlier in the year, Mrs McArthur found it necessary to caution all persons against trespassing upon any part of her grounds. The Grounds were in the vicinity of PARRAMATTA and Mrs Mac was offering a reward due to the destruction which had been caused by trepassers.
Mr Jenkins ( to whose son Melinda writes the memorial poem many years later) was auctioning a variety of goods. These included a large and valuable collection of BOOKS. He also had some excellent drawing paper,pencils and Paints.
Several thousand Prime Salted Seal Skins were also being sold. Richard Jones was selling them by Private Contract but if they didn’t sell that way, they were to be auctioned by Mr Bevan.
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article628869 In March , 1814, a soldier of the 73d regiment was bit on the hand by a snake. He was out at Windsor. The wound was immediately incised and the poisoned bit taken out – nevertheless the soldier underwent several hours of extreme illness which included a ” debilitating stupor”.
Richard Carr , a landholder at Nepean was bitten on the foot in the same week but his fate had not been ascertained by the Gazette at the time of printing. “One of the most dangerous species of the viper tribe” was the description of this snake.
Snakes it was. One was seen in Mrs Reibey’s warehouse. Right in the city that was. The snake escaped down a small aperture in the floor. Another was seen in the yard of 96 George Street. That one vanished but an old man mixing mortar “felt a severe stroke upon the instep”, looked down, saw a snake and severed its head from it body promptly with his spade. He didn’t know whether or not he had bitten but suffered no ill effects.
All this is happening while the McNallys are in England and then on board the ships. The Surry I , as it will turn out is affected by a terrible disease. They have come from Canada at war, through court martial and transportation – and when they reach this end – its likely to be SNAKES !
The Gazette looked for an explanation of the sudden influx of snakes into the City and came to the conclusion that they were being brought in in the hollow parts of trees coming from the country as fuel. A strong suggestion is made to a) examine the trees carefully and b) keep them stored at a great distance from the ‘frequented parts of inhabited premises”. Good advice to this very day ! In addition, it seems the elderly mortar making gentleman gad thick worsted stockings worn loosely about his ankles. An other good idea !
The McNallys are also en route to a country with a very warm climate. The Gazette has some tips for
“PREVENTION OF THE FATAL EFFECTS OF DRINKING COLD WATER OR COLD LIQUORS OF ANY KIND IN WARM WEATHER OR WHEN HEATED BY EXERCISE OR OTHERWISE”
Here are some of the lifesaving ideas.
Avoid drinking whilst warm
Drink only a small quantity at once.
Let the liquid remain a small time in the mouth before swallowing it.
Wash the hands and face and rince the mouth with cold water before drinking
Should these precautions have been neglected and the effects of drinking cold water are showing, then ” the only remedy to be administered is 60 drops of laudanum in spirit and water, or warm drink of any kind ”
SYDNEY GAZETTE 2 JULY 1814 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article628941
The Rev Henry Fulton:
(in whose school Charles Tompson Jnr ( Poet) was educated and who was deeply involved in the incidents of 1822-23 which led to Patrick McNally being gaoled for a time and tried for Pig Stealing prior to removing himself and his family from the Castlereagh area and taking up residence in Kent Street in Sydney proper )
In July of 1814 Mr Fulton is Chaplin of Castlereagh and Richmond. He advertised that he would be opening his school on 11 July 1814. The School was situated in the Parsonage House. The school was for the “Accommodation of a few young gentlemen not exceeding twelve.”
The good Rev was planning to teach Latin, Greek Classics, French and English grammatically, Writing and “such parts of the Mathematics both in theory and practice as may suit the taste of the Scholar”.
This is the dedication Tompson wrote for the Reverend Gentleman in his book WILD NOTES: FROM THE LYRE OF A NATIVE MINSTREL.
TO THE REV HENRY FULTON
To you beneath whose kind and fostering tuition I lived the rosy hours of childhood and imbibed those qualities which were erewhile the early promptures of my muse, i respectfully inscribe these buddings of my fancy; considering that, in acting thus, I am but perfomring a small part of that grateful duty I owe you, as my former tutor with which title your paternal behaviour always blended the joint idea of father and friend.
Believe me dear Sir
with the highest respect and veneration
your obedient and grateful Servant,
CHARLES TOMPSON Jnr.
Clydesdale March 1 1826.
Terms were 50 pounds sterling per annum.
In the Rocks area of Sydney , Richard Archbold had just arrived in the Colony and he, too, was opening a school. In his case he was planning to instruct children of both sexes. A SEMINARY OF INSTRUCTION he called it. No 7 Gloucester Street, The Rocks. Richard proposed to teach READING WRITING AND ARITHMETIC. He offered bookkeeping if required and assured parents that he would pay attention to the MORAL as well as the other “duties of his avocation”.
Richard also offered and Evening Academy for the improvement of those at a more advanced stage and whose occupations may interfere with daily attendance. Terms were said to be moderate.