Clarence River.-Sporting.-The first attempt at getting up races was made here on the 14th instant, when a match was run for £10, mile heats, on Phillip’s Flats, at South Grafton, between Mr. Gregory’s Abdallah and Mr. Cowan’s Bailly, and won by the latter by one hundred and fifty yards. Abdullah was in splendid condition, and was the favourite at starting, having beaten his competitor some short time previously in a private match. Baldy was very cleverly jockeyed, and won with ease and in fine style.-Herald.
|LINKS TO FOLLOW
IMMIGRANTS TO CLARENCE
CLARENCE HISTORICAL SOCIETY
“This “Line” serviced the north bank of the Clarence and Lawrence
It was just a day’s journey to the
The Maitland Mercury… Saturday 13 May 1848, page 3. News
ALLEGED MURDER BY POISONING OF THE
Our readers will recollect that some time since Mr. Thomas Coutts, of the Clarence River, was committed by the bench of that district to take his trial on an alleged charge of poisoning certain aborigines in that locality ; and was subsequently admitted to bail to answer this charge at the June Criminal Sittings of the Supreme Court. We understand the Attorney-General has declined exhibiting any information against Mr. Coutts for the alleged murders.-Herald May 11.
WHO THEN IS WALTER HINDMARSH?
CHECK THE MAITLAND MERCURY AND HUNTER RIVER GENERAL ADVERTISER SATURDAY 10 JUNE 1848 PAGE 3
WALTER CLAIMED THE FOLLOWING LEASE:
( Mary Josephine was sent to Miss Hindmarsh’s school in Kiama following the death of her father Basil on the Clarence in 1852) . Members of the Hindmarsh family were connected through marriage to the Kendalls on the Illawarra. Hindmarshes owned property adjoining the Kendalls at both Kiama and Ulladulla.
From KISSIN’ COUSINS (MARJORIE KENDALL):
WHAT connection took BASIL and HIS FAMILY to the CLARENCE IN 1848 ?
The Maitland Mercury… Saturday 3 June 1848, page 3. News
Two new schooners called the Anna Maria and Clara, from seventy to eighty tons burthen each, arrived from the Clarence River on Saturday last, having been built there by Mr. W. II. Chowne for Mr. Robey, of Sydney, expressly for the Lake Macquarie trade. The two barges of thirty tons burthen each, noticed in yesterday’s Herald as having been launched from Mr. Winship’s yard, at Stockton, on the 24th instant, are intended to work from the mines on Lake Macquarie to a depot Mr. Robey has formed near the sea entrance, from whence the above schooners will convey the coals to Sydney -May 30.
BASIL KENDALL was in SYDNEY early in 1848 when he received the 2 year sentence to PARRAMATTA GAOL. AT THIS stage he would appear that he did not serve that time in Parramatta and appears to have gone North with his family to Dr Dobie at Gordonbrook. Here are some more background images of the area to which they removed from Sydney.
The Maitland Mercury… Saturday 15 January 1848, page 2. News
THE CLARENCE RIVER.-
The Phoenix had
my last letter we have had a good deal of rain,
The Maitland Mercury… Wednesday 2 February 1848,
29.-Phoenix, steamer, 108 tons, Captain
instant. Passengers-Mr. Hunter, Mr. Plo-
The Phoenix was detained at the Clarence
Her cargo comprises 160 bales wool.
Gannon, staying at Phillips’ stores, being
The Maitland Mercury… Wednesday 2 February 1848, page 3.
CLARENCE RIVER. ,
(From the S. M. Herald, January 31.)
Committal for Poisoning Blacks.-The Phoenix, which arrived on Saturday morning, brings intelligence of one of the most extensive squatters in the district, Mr. Coutts, being committed for the poisoning of several of the aborigines.
The following particulars of the case are gained from a letter dated 18th instant. In the year 1840 Mr. Thomas Coutts located on this river, at Kangaroo Creek, about thirty miles inland, and at that time his cattle numbered between eight und nine hundred, his sheep upwards of five thousand ; but owing to the repeated depredations of the blacks, he can now only number half his quantity of sheep und cattle. There has, moreover, been two of his men murdered by the blacks, as was also a fine intelligent boy, who was most barbarously so, no later than twelve months since; protection was applied for in the proper quarter, but none was rendered. Owing to the above occurrence, which of course spread like lightning, it was with much difficulty Mr. Coutts could get men to hire with him, and then only at a very advanced rate of wages.
About a fortnight since a great sensation was created at the township, and indeed along the river, in consequence of a report having been circulated that Mr. Coutts had poisoned some of the aborigines, and that some of their sable brethren had gone to the Commissioner of Crown Lands to report the case. The excitement was heightened when, some few days afterwards, it was observed that the commissioner, two policemen, and the chief constable, accompanied by a servant of Mr. Coutts-then, by the way, in custody on a warrant-proceeded in the direction of Mr. Coutts’s station. Curiosity was on the qui vive for two days after, until it was learned from a black boy attached to the commissioner that his master was returning, and that the objects of the expedition were then discovered. The commissioner and party had proceeded to a black camp for information, and they there found, and took away from thence, a piece of damper, which the blacks there encamped said was the remainder of one that had caused the death of several, and seven bodies were pointed out which were said to have died from partaking of the damper, and four of these bodies were found to be dead at a waterhole.
The commissioner’s party then proceeded to Mr. Coutts’s, and took that gentleman in custody, on a warrant, issued on the affidavit of his servant, then in custody for horse stealing, and which averred that Mr. Coutts had twelve months previously shot an aboriginal, but the circumstances already detailed were, at this time, kept from Mr. Coutts’s knowledge, and in fact he did not know a single iota about them until he arrived at the court-house in the township. On the case, in due course, coming on for hearing, the commissioner stated that from information he had received, he went to the black camp, found the bodies and damper, and subsequently proceeded to Mr. Coutts’s station, and ordered him to be apprehended ; two of Mr. Coutts’s servants were examined, but only proved that they had heard from the blacks that Mr. C. had given them some flour which produced the effect alluded to, and another witness stated that he had seen Mr. C. give the blacks a bag, which he supposed to contain flour, and at which time Mr. C. had a paper in his band, which he also supposed contained poison. The bench, in committing, allowed bail Mr. Coutts in £1000, and two sureties in £500 each ; but no sureties sufficient to satisfy the magistrates being tendered, Mr. Coutts was forwarded to Sydney by the last steamer.
THE ALLEGED MURDER OP THE
ABORIGINES AT CLARENCE RIVER.-
On Monday last, Mr. Thomas Coutts, who was committed
a writ of habeas corpus, and upon the motion
F. Garnison, grocer, in the sum of £250 each.
WEBSITES OF INTEREST:
- William Temple (1779 – 1839)
The history of the separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children
from their families
Many deeds of terror’: Windschuttle and Musquito
- THE HISTORY OF MATT
Devon Family Historian
Published quarterly by the Devon Family History Society.
- STATE LIBRARY OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA
- KINSELLA FAMILY TREE
- JESSE UPTON of WINDSOR NSW 1806 – 1873
Emmeline Ann Susannah GAUDRY1
also known as Emaline Ann GAUDRY
24th May 18141 – 31st Jan 18861
- WHAT HAPPENED WHEN ANTHONY BARKERS CHRONOLOGY OF AUSTRALIA
Joseph Douglass 1782-1865: First Settler at Kurrajong Heights NSW
- SIMEON LORD’S CHILDREN
- BERKSHIRE FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY
NEWCASTLE FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY INC
New South Wales, Australia
- The compilation of the Zoological Catalogue of Australia is conducted under the auspices of the Australian Biological Resources Study [Canberra
By Gary C. B. Poore, James K. Lowry, Australia
The Blue Mountains
A Remarkable Road
In 1814, William Cox, an extraordinary engineer, assembled a team of thirty convicts and eight guards to build a road across the Blue Mountains.
Starting at Emu Plains on the 18th July 1814, in just four months the team had completed a road covering a distance of 47 miles to Mount York.
In just six months, Cox had crossed the Blue Mountains with a road of one hundred and one miles all the way to Bathurst. (The Bathurst Road).
Sydney, March 17.-On Thursday morning last, the 15th instant, a most interesting ceremony took place at Parramatta ;-the marriage, by special licence, by the Rev. Richard Hill, Secretary to the Native Institution, of two native young men, viz. Michael Yarringguy. a native constable at Richmond, and Robert Narringguy, son to Creek Jemmy, to two of the girls of the Native Institution, viz. Polly –, and Betty Fulton. The ceremony was attended by the rest of the children, and two of the Committee gave the girls away. Shortly after the marriage the two couples set off with the Deputy Surveyor General, to have their respective farms measured, granted to them by His Excellency, the Patron of the Institution ; where, in a short time, comfortable huts will be erected for them, furnished with the necessary furniture, stock, and farming utensils-the whole provided at the expense of Government
Mr. Berry said, that at
Shoalhaven the blacks have a dread of evil
spirits, arid have some idea of the transmigra-
tion of souls. they think that they are turned
into fishes, and in that state they can look
after their descendants ; when porpoises have
been rolling up the river, he has been told by
the blacks that they were old chiefs, and one
time he gave very great offence by shooting
at one of them : at Illawarra a black told
him that one time when there was a great
scarcity of provisions, He went to bed very
hungry, and in his sleep his father appeared
to him in a vision, and told him that if he
Went to a particular place in the morning, he
would find something to eat, and upon going
there he found a whale which had been
driven ashore, and upon which he fared
sumptuously, and the way in which the black
accounted for this was, that his father had
assumed the form of a swordfish, and driven
the whale ashore for him.-Launceston Advertiser.
Question of intent
Did Australians intend to exterminate the Aborigines?
Historian Henry Reynolds looks for evidence of genocide in his latest book, An Indelible Stain?