The Australian Women's Weekly , Wednesday 5 July 1967,

And always a rainbow serpent remembers ancient days.


Samara Flynn, Age 12
Grafton Public School, Grafton NSW




The 3 main areas of this site are:
Miscellaneous Transcripts from Australia
Grevilles Post Office Directory
Penrith District Registers
Helen Castle, previously Shellharbour NSW, now living in Narangba Qld Australia.

Not a site to be missed. Helen has just sent me the new links. I strongly recommend taking a look at it. This is what I would like to be able to create myself and don’t seem orderly enough to achieve. It was one of the first major entries into this world for me. Thank you Helen.


I found MARK GREGORY’s UNION SONGS a good while back and with my Belmore Railway and carpentry background I identified strongly and quickly. Mark has now contacted us and added a new dimension to Melinda’s work with specific focus on her working class fire and passion.

This is what Mark says as he opens his site:

More than 640 songs and poems, over 260 Authors

Call them rebel songs, slave songs, songs of freedom, work songs, songs of dissent, songs of struggle, protest songs, liberation songs, labour songs, labor songs, workers songs, industrial folk songs, environmental songs, songs of equality, peace songs.

For over two centuries working people across the world have built trade unions. This site documents the songs and poems that they made in the process, union songs. It includes songs and poems that are being written today, as the process of union building continues all around the world.
Such songs are the work of famous poets as well as men and women whose names have been forgotten. They stretch back to ancient times and are being created today.

‘Songs are very strange. Why is a song like Pound A Week Rise – rescued from my personal “scrapheap”, because it was about a miners’ wage claim in 1962 and I did not think it relevant in the 70s, by Dick Gaughan in about 1975 – still recorded by Americans, Australians etc – I always say there is no such thing as an old song because it is new to someone if they have not heard it before.’
Ed Pickford


In the last month, 2 descendants of ELIZA have contacted us. Louise, who is related through EMELIA BOLLARD has forwarded this baptismal certificate and has give me permission to place her musings on the site. She is happy that it might help someone else researching as we are.




Bollard Family

Thomas Bollard (sometimes spelt Ballard) lived at Hardwick Yass in 1850 when he married Emma Whitehouse who also lived at Hardwick. Hardwick was one of three early historic properties established in the early 1800’s, Cooma Cottage, Douro and Hardwicke, by Henry and Cornelius O’Brien.

Henry O’Brien had Hardwick between 1837 and 1852 and during that time helped to save the Australian wool industry from bankruptcy. English demand for wool had dropped so prices plummeted, Henry developed melt down works on Hardwick designed to boil down sheep for tallow, which was sold to England and use for making gunpowder. It is believed that Hardwick is the original route that Hume and Hovell took through that area.

Emma and Thomas both appeared to be working there at the time of their marriage in 1850.

They were married in the Presbyterian Church.

Ellen…1851, John…1854, Thomas …1856, Mary…1859, William…1862, James (Joseph James)…1869, Patrick…1873, 2 other males.

Not much known about Thomas except he was born in Ireland and was about 55 in 1862 when William was born. He went to the Araluen goldfields early in their marriage. After which he worked as a manager of Middlingbank Station near Cooma. After this they moved to Molonglo Station where Thomas worked. It was during this time that the family encountered the Clarke Brothers Bushranger gang, Emma several times by herself with the children.

Their son Jack (probably John)  was speared and boomeranged at Coopers Creek, when he was about 24. He went to Northern Queensland as a stockman and the family were never able to discover what had happened to him, but presumed he had been killed by aborigines.

Emma was 30 when William Albert was born in 1862. At the time of her death on the 31st July 1912, she was living with her son James, at 61 Buckland St Chippendale Sydney.

James indicated that her parents names were James Whitehouse and Bridget McNally, but on tracing records it seems feasible that he didn’t know their Christian names , or there was a mix-up on the form , as his name was James and his wife’s was Bridget. It appears more than likely that Emma (he spelt it Amelia) was actually Elizabeth Emelia Whitehouse born at The Sand Hills (later Surrey Hills) in Sydney and baptised on 25th July 1833 at St Mary’s Cathedral, Sydney.

Her parents were recorded as Albert Whitehouse (printer) and Elizabeth McNally.

Emma is easily adapted from Emelia.

Family vocal history has always indicated that there was a connection with Henry Kendall, it is most likely that Emma’s mother , Elizabeth was a sister of Melinda McNally who married Basil Kendall and subsequently had a son Henry Kendall, the poet. This made Emma his first cousin.

There was no ‘Bridget’ McNally in that family and all other sisters have been accounted for, so this adds weight to the family vocal history and the evidence pointing to Emma’s parents being Albert and Elizabeth (known as Eliza). The ship she came to Australia with the Mcnally Family in 1814 was the Broxbornebury, but on the Baptism cert for Emma it says ship’ 5 Islands’, this is a mystery, but no record of a ship of that name appears to have existed. It could have been the journey they came on as the Broxenbornbury did pass islands and pick up some stranded people, and it is not unlikely that a child of ten would mix up the name of a ship later on. Her parents were Patrick McNally and Judith Kilfroy McDermott, he was convicted for desertion from the 100thregiment whilst serving in Canada and sent out for life.

Albert was a convict, convicted and sentenced for life at Worcester on the 8/3/1828 and sent on the ship Eliza. Records in the Sydney gazette of mid 1833 show an Albert Whitehouse, printer up on charges of forgery. He got off, due to lack of evidence, but others where charged, at the time he worked for a lithographer ( Henry Allen) in Pitt St as a printer. He was described as an artist on Emma’s death certificate, and a printer on her baptism certificate.

A comment was made in the court of being sent out for inappropriate use of printing skills.

Records show that an Albert Whitehouse died in 1833, it hasn’t been confirmed that that was him, but it seems a strange coincidence that Emma was baptised in July 1833 after having been born in 1831. Maybe he died and Elizabeth then baptised her a catholic. There is no record of any other children born to them.

There is a record of an Elizabeth Whitehouse death in 1857 at age 68 in Sydney, and also an Elizabeth Whitehouse appears on the 1841 census living at Surrey hills. Not yet proven that this was Emma’s mother but, Emma was born at the Sand Hills which later became part of Surrey Hills. To date no marriage record for Albert and Elizabeth has been found.

Another coincidence is that Emma and Thomas’s son James was also involved in the printing business, being a compositor. Moya Britten (William Bollard’s granddaughter, James’s grand niece) remembers James coming to visit her grandparents, at the Captains Flat Store, with all his newspaper friends.  William would take them to the river on fishing trips, leaving Bedelia to mind the store.  She also has vivid memories of visiting James when she was a child when they lived in Stanmore, after they moved from Chippendale. She can recall the smell of gas from cooking and perhaps lights etc of that area. She was terrified of a lady in the street who would go out into her front yard in her night dress.

James served in the 1st Pioneer Battalion, 5th Reinforcement, from Oct 1915 to July 1917 at the Western Front from August 1916 to July 1917.




The Five Islands was the name given to the Illawarra region by the explorers of the late 1700’s and early 1800’s.The earliest reference to this has been traced to Bass (of Bass and Flinders fame) Journal in the Whaleboat.


BASIL KENDALL was in SYDNEY early in 1848 when he received the 2 year sentence to PARRAMATTA GAOL. AT THIS stage he would appear that he did not serve that time in Parramatta and appears to have gone North with his family to Dr Dobie at Gordonbrook. Here are some more background images of the area to which they removed from Sydney.

article3715576-3-001ABORIGINES 1848



The Maitland Mercury… Saturday 15 January 1848, page 2. News


The Phoenix had
an unusually long passage, owing to boisterous
weather, on her downward trip here. Since

my last letter we have had a good deal of rain,
sufficient to produce a fresh in the river, and
from which Mr. Crabbe, an innkeeper at the
Falls, about twenty miles above our proposed
township, unfortunately lost his life; a small
boat in which he was accidentally upsetting,
and before he could be rescued, the force of
the torrent bore him away. Mr. Crabbe was
very greatly respected, and has left a wife
and several small children to deplore their
loss. Trade, owing to the wool season, is ex-
cessively brisk. The country, from the late
visitation of rain, now looks beautiful. There
is wool enough already at Phillips’ and the
other stores to give two cargoes, in addition
to the one she now conveys, to the steamer,
and teams are daily coming down.


The Maitland Mercury… Wednesday 2 February 1848,

page 3.

29.-Phoenix, steamer, 108 tons, Captain
Wiseman, from the Clarence River the 26th

instant. Passengers-Mr. Hunter, Mr. Plo-
mer, Mr. Hayley, ten in the steerage, one
constable, and four prisoners.

The Phoenix was detained at the Clarence
seven days, owing to the fresh in the river,
consequent upon a continuation of heavy rains.

Her cargo comprises 160 bales wool.

A very
extraordinary occurrence, and in which
equally extraordinary presence of mind was
displayed, on a snake visit, happened a few
days since. A gentleman of the name of

Gannon, staying at Phillips’ stores, being
alarmed by a noise outside, about 2 P.M. on
the 24th ultimo, rose from his bed for the
purpose of going out and discovering the
cause. Whilst in the act of unfastening the
door, by removing a heavy wooden bar, a
large snake, of the carpet species, six feet
five inches, as described per measurement
after death, fell bodily on Mr. G.’s left
shoulder, and then slowly spread itself along
the arm. Assistance was called for, but which
was however some time in arriving, and during
the arrival of which Mr. G. managed to keep
as unnerved as possible, at all events suffi-
ciently so to contrive to open the door and
get outside, but during the time of this pro-
cedure, the snake had coiled itself round Mr.
G.’s body, the tail was around the wrist, the
body part in a double fold on the bend of the
arm, and the head over the left shoulder,
spreading across the back, and crossing over
the right shoulder, its neck and head up to
the chin and lips, across which Mr. G. states
be distinctly felt the reptile twice or thrice
pass its head. A stick could not be found,
but Mr. G., after getting hold of an axe, con-
trived sufficiently to remove the coils of the
upper portion of the reptile so as to attack it
when it was in such a position as prevented
its injuring him, and on which it wholly un-
coiled itself and made off; but so great was
Mr. G.’s trepidation incident on his escape,
that the snake got away some five or six
yards from him : he however then rallied,
overtook, and finally killed it. On examining
it, it was found to be a female, and on opening
it two young ones were found inside its body.
-Extract from Letter.-S. M. Herald,


The Maitland Mercury… Wednesday 2 February 1848, page 3.


(From the S. M. Herald, January 31.)

Committal for Poisoning Blacks.-The Phoenix, which arrived on Saturday morning, brings intelligence of one of the most extensive squatters in the district, Mr. Coutts, being committed for the poisoning of several of the aborigines.

The following particulars of the case are gained from a letter dated 18th instant. In the year 1840 Mr. Thomas Coutts located on this river, at Kangaroo Creek, about thirty miles inland, and at that time his cattle numbered between eight und nine hundred, his sheep upwards of five thousand ; but owing to the repeated depredations of the blacks, he can now only number half his quantity of sheep und cattle. There has, moreover, been two of his men murdered by the blacks, as was also a fine intelligent boy, who was most barbarously so, no later than twelve months since; protection was applied for in the proper quarter, but none was rendered. Owing to the above occurrence, which of course spread like lightning, it was with much difficulty Mr. Coutts could get men to hire with him, and then only at a very advanced rate of wages.

About a fortnight since a great sensation was created at the township, and indeed along the river, in consequence of a report having been circulated that Mr. Coutts had poisoned some of the aborigines, and that some of their sable brethren had gone to the Commissioner of Crown Lands to report the case. The excitement was heightened when, some few days afterwards, it was observed that the commissioner, two policemen, and the chief constable, accompanied by a servant of Mr. Coutts-then, by the way, in custody on a warrant-proceeded in the direction of Mr. Coutts’s station. Curiosity was on the qui vive for two days after, until it was learned from a black boy attached to the commissioner that his master was returning, and that the objects of the expedition were then discovered. The commissioner and party had proceeded to a black camp for information, and they there found, and took away from thence, a piece of damper, which the blacks there encamped said was the remainder of one that had caused the death of several, and seven bodies were pointed out which were said to have died from partaking of the damper, and four of these bodies were found to be dead at a waterhole.

The commissioner’s party then proceeded to Mr. Coutts’s, and took that gentleman in custody, on a warrant, issued on the affidavit of his servant, then in custody for horse stealing, and which averred that Mr. Coutts had twelve months previously shot an aboriginal, but the circumstances already detailed were, at this time, kept from Mr. Coutts’s knowledge, and in fact he did not know a single iota about them until he arrived at the court-house in the township. On the case, in due course, coming on for hearing, the commissioner stated that from information he had received, he went to the black camp, found the bodies and damper, and subsequently proceeded to Mr. Coutts’s station, and ordered him to be apprehended ; two of Mr. Coutts’s servants were examined, but only proved that they had heard from the blacks that Mr. C. had given them some flour which produced the effect alluded to, and another witness stated that he had seen Mr. C. give the blacks a bag, which he supposed to contain flour, and at which time Mr. C. had a paper in his band, which he also supposed contained poison. The bench, in committing, allowed bail Mr. Coutts in £1000, and two sureties in £500 each ; but no sureties sufficient to satisfy the magistrates being tendered, Mr. Coutts was forwarded to Sydney by the last steamer.

Feb. 2.



On Monday last, Mr. Thomas Coutts, who was committed
by the bench of magistrates at Grafton,
Clarence River, on an alleged charge of poi-
soning certain aborignal natives at KangarooHelp
Creek, in the above district, was brought
before Mr. Justice Manning in chambers, by

a writ of habeas corpus, and upon the motion
of Mr. Nichols was admitted to bail, to
appear at the March sittings of the criminal
court at Sydney, to take his trial on such
information as the Attorney General may
prefer against him. The defendant was
bound in the sum of £500, and his sureties,
Messrs. John Campbell, merchant, and Mr.

F. Garnison, grocer, in the sum of £250 each.
The bail having entered into the requisite
recognizances, Mr. Coutts was discharged.
Herald, Feb. 2.
























I include this prose piece from Henry Kendall because it describes the trip up the Clarence. It would seem that this is a description of the Kendall arrival there in the late 1840s following Basil Kendall’s conviction for forgery. Details to be checked later.  Having been twice to the Clarence this year, I am interested in the evocations of this piece.


Kendall’s prose description of the Clarence was written at a date not known. We have it from a periodical giving it as from ‘ a manuscript in the possession of Miss Evangeline Moore, of Marrickville, whose father J Sheridan Moore, Editor of a Sydney Magazine, etc. etc was Kendall’s first friend as a young man, to his ambition of being a poet:-










Acknowledged with thanks. TG.



MOST OF THE QUOTATIONS ARE FROM HAMILTON-GREY – and her version of life is a little unusual. I, myself, wonder where father Basil was when the twins Henry and Basil Edward arrived catching their mother so unprepared that she did not even have a cradle for them and burly Jim Burkenshaw carved one from a log. I don’t imagine that heavily pregnant mothers customarily provided the cradle. How did the mother become known as incompetent in  this situation with Daddy only 2 years previously spending most of the year indulged in criminal activities or the court and prison matters resultant from them ? Consider also the probability of an early labour with the birth of twins.

from HG.

When Jim Burkenshaw and his mates were creating the Twin Cradle from a massive log and making cedar rockers, Mrs HG describes them as ‘ revelling in doing good” and says of MELINDA;

the poet’s mother, whose beauty, vivacity and genuine kindness of disposition would appeal to those rough bushmen of the early times in the Ulladulla District. We are told that  in those early times, she was often termed by many of the bush folk “THE FLOWER LADY’; which soubriquet was more dear to her romantic soul than any other title that the chance of birth and pedigree, or any honour conferred by royalty or parliament, would have been; for Mrs Basil Kendall’s naturalness  was one of her most distinctive features of character – as became the mother of a poet.

I’m not sure that Melinda was aware of that on the day of said Poet’s birth but Mrs HG has these recollections from an elderly gentleman of the district and if we leave out HGs interpretation, we are left with which I am delighted.

Mrs HG also has it from Henry Evans – husband of Edith Emily, Melinda’s youngest child, that Henry Kendalls’ first poem was written when he was 10 years of age ( never printed), It read as follows;

Mother, Mother I have read the Pilgrim’s Progress through –

Mrs HG then says

This little manuscript was carefully preserved by his mother for many years and the history of it was related by her to her son-in-law, who , as a very young man, when only a junior clerk in the Post Office, Sydney, and one of the young people frequently visiting their home at Enmore found great favour with Mrs Basil Kendall to the extent of giving her young daughter to him in marriage at the early age of 16.

The poem was lost and only the first line remembered. Mrs Basil Kendall was careful to keep Kendall supplied with the best literature she could obtain with her limited means and the PILGRIM’S PROGRESS was in the boy’s possession at an exceptionally early age. That book – with the Bible- and Bible stories- won his childish interest particularly.



While I am at it , I shall put in Mrs HGs view of the family situation following the death of Basil O on the Clarence.

It will be remembered by those who have read POET KENDALL that when Basil Kendall, the father of the poet, died on the Clarence River, Mrs Basil Kendall, with her twin sons an her little daughters, returned to Sydney, but not to Ulladulla. Mrs Basil and the twins found a refuge with Mrs Basil Kendall’s father, brother and sisters, some few miles out of Wollongong. But having no means of her own, and no way then, of providing a home for her family of five children, all of tender age, she had no alternative than to accept the only terms offered her by her husband’s more wealthy relatives, and consent to be separated from her three daughters – JANE, MARY JOSEPHINE and EDITH EMILY ( the latter of a VERY tender age).


from HG

It was Sheridan Moore who introduced Kendall to Michael after Kendall’s mother had taken him to see Sheridan Moore and submitted his collection of poems to the critical judgement of that gentleman, who proposed that the same collection of poems should be published in volume form and subscriptions invited to pay the expenses of the publication.


Acknowledged with thanks. TG.