Category Archives: BRITAIN

ROCHDALE AND THE 1795 FOOD RIOTS ON LINK4LIFE

http://www.link4life.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=c.showPage&pageID=310

ROCHDALE RIOTS.

 

Another contemporary verse records the feelings of the working people who were facing wage reductions at a time when bread prices were high.

The masters they are grumbling in country and in town
They want to starve the workers by keeping wages down.
Now in some parts of England the men were standing out
Against a great reduction and they’re right without a doubt.
In this happy country, man is treated like a slave
When the master gets the profit and the worker gets the work.
You’ve no right to be happy, no right to be well fed,
If they drop our wages, they must drop the price of bread.

 

MUDCAT CAFE       http://www.mudcat.org/thread.cfm?threadid=118416&messages=4

Discussion on COLLIER’S STRIKE SONG.  WITH MARK GREGORY. 

AND Folklorist Graham Seal writes:

It looks like an adaptation of a song or poem said to be related to the 3rd August 1795 food riot in Rochdale. If so, a good example of the continuity of folk tradition.

COMPARE THE 1795 VERSE WITH MELINDA’S SONG:

The Colliers’ Strike Song
    A Song by Melinda Kendall 1885

    Come all ye jolly colliers, and colliers’ wives as well,
    And listen to my ditty, for the truth I mean to tell;
    It’s of a colliers’ wage dispute, is the burden of my song;
    I mean to cheer you up, if it won’t detain you long.
    For masters they are grumbling, in country and in town,
    They want to starve poor miners, by cutting wages down;
    But if you stick together, and every one be true,
    You are sure to be triumphant  singing cock-a-doodle-doo.

    Chorus:
    For masters they are grumbling, in country and in town,
    They want to starve poor miners, by cutting wages down;
    But if you stick together, and every one be true,
    You are sure to be triumphant  singing cock-a-doodle-doo.

    The miners of Mount Kembla, oh! loudly how they shout
    Against this drop of ten percent, they’re right without a doubt;
    In this happy, glorious country, man is treated like a Turk,
    Where the masters get the profit, and the miners get the work.
    We only want fair wages, we only want fair play,
    We know we ought to have a good dinner every day;
    But what are we to do when the butcher he comes round,
    If we let our masters drop two shillings in the pound.

    Just ask a blessed woman what she is going to do,
    From the present price of wages we cannot save a screw
    With a lot of little children, with pieces, hungry teeth;
    If they drop our wages, they must also drop the price of beef.
    For every woman knows the task she has to meet,
    With a lot of little mouths, and nothing much to eat;
    But it can’t be very different, it’s very plain to tell,
    Where the masters get the oyster, and the miners get the shell.

    I would have you stick together, and have a good go in,
    Be true to one another, and I’m sure you’re bound to win;
    Though money is so valuable  and so is labour, too
    The working man is worth whatever he may do.
    And I hope that every woman will tell her husband too;
    She will do her very best to help him to keep true;
    They will be sure to raise the wine, and make the masters say
    “The devil’s in the women, for they never will give way.”

    Notes

    Published in Illawarra Mercury, October 3, 1885

 

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THE CONVICTS WHO DIED ON THE SURRY I

FROM SYDNEY GAZETTE AND NEW SOUTH WALES ADVERTISER SATURDAY 17 SEPTEMBER 1814 PAGE 2.

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article628980

FROM THE SECRETARY’S OFFICE SYDNEY SATURDAY 10 SEPTEMBER 1814

The contagious and diabolical disease which prevailed on board the Male Convict Ship SURRY, on her late passage hither from England having been fatal to thirty-six of the Convicts destined for this Place, His Excellency The Governor, deems it expedient that the Names of the unfortunate Sufferers shall be published in order that their Friends shall be officially apprised of their Decease.

List of thirty six convicts who died at sea on board the Ship Surry on her voyage from England to New South Wales with the names of the Hulks from whence they had been embarked and the dates at which they died

NAME FROM WHAT HULK WHEN DIED
ANTON JACKSON RETRIBUTION 9 JUNE 1814
SAMUEL SMITH 13 “
CHARLES GAMES 15 “
JOHN EADES 2O”
JOHN OLIVER 22″
WILLIAM HASEL 27
WILLIAM BROWN 27″
JOHN PARSONS 28″
WILLIAM BOURNE 30″
THOS WHEELER 6 JULY 1814
Wm EDWARDS 11″
JAMES PHILLIPS 19″
JOHN PE?S 19″
     
CARTER TUCK ZEALAND 10 JUNE 1814
JOHN MOTT 21″
TIMOTHY REAGAN 23″
WILLIAM BATTY 13 JULY 1814
     
JOHN RANSOM LAUREL 12 MARCH 1814
HENRY PAGE 21 JUNE 1814
JAS GLADDING 22″
JAMES CLARKE 1 JULY 1814
CHRIS. RAPPS 2″
WILLIAM DAVEY 3″
SAM ABRAHAMS 5″
THOMAS HADLEY 7″
WILLIAM BAKER 22″
     
ISAAC GILES CAPTIVITY 22 MAY 1814
JOHN JOTCHAM 25 JUNE 1814
WILLIAM BROWN 27″
THOMAS MOTT 28″
JOHN COOPER 29″
JOHN  LACEY 1 JULY 1814
RD. WILKINSON 4″
JOHN JONES 5″
CHARLES BALL 19″
RD ALIARTON 25″

 

BY COMMAND OF HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR

J T CAMPBELL SECRETARY. 

IN THIS YEAR : 1814 . THE SHIPS HAVE DOCKED

Jeffrey H Bent had arrived on the Broxbornebury along with Judith and the children on July 28 1814. The Broxbornebury carried some very prestigious people. Judith is not likely to have been one of them with her husband a convict.

Known to have been on the Broxbornebury in the ” upper classes “were :

BARBER, George (c1795-1844) came free to reunite with his mother in Sydney in 1814, when he travelled on the Broxbornebury. His mother’s second husband , Charles Throsby was a surgeon and Magistrate.

SIR JOHN JAMIESON.

J.H BENT. MAGISTRATE OF THE SUPREME COURT

JOHN HORSLEY.

MRS MARY GREENWAY

GEORGE WILLIAMS

JOHN STILLWELL

____________________

It seems that nine of the convicts on the Surrey I had free wives on the Broxbornebury most with children. That means that Judith travelled for months in close company with them. Through deaths, births, illnesses and all the attending circumstances of such a voyage. The voyage lasted 5 months and app 200 people were on board.

For me, I am now wondering what connections might have continued between the McNallys and the other Voyagers once they had arrived in NSW. Most of the Female convicts were sent to the FEMALE FACTORY at PARRAMATTA.

(This is also the year in which John READY came as convict on THE THREE BEES and was assigned to GOVERNMENT HOUSE WINDSOR where his mother, JOHANNAH, was HOUSEKEEPER. JOHANNAH had been transported on the ARCHDUKE CHARLES in 1812.  At the same time ANN MORAN and JOHN CURTIS were in the PARRAMATTA area. )

http://lynnesheritage.wordpress.com/?s=parramatta

FREE WOMEN WITH CHILDREN WHOSE HUSBANDS WERE ON THE SURRY I OR HAD COME ON OTHER SHIPS AS CONVICTS.

I am listing them as a group on the presumption that they would have shared quarters or been in very close contact and that they would have had at least slightly different conditions from the convict women.

The CROSS and BOGG families were on board and

JANE DAVIS and her children.

ANN THOMPSON and son WILLIAM. The Pitt Town connection comes in here. Ann’s husband who was an educated convict set up a school at Pitt Town – and Ann joined him on her arrival in 1814.

JOSEPH FERNANCE AND HIS MOTHER MARY. Mary and her husband John had a large number of children once they were reunited and five of these children were born in PITT TOWN as was Melinda.

  • ANNE GAINS and her child JANE. Her husband died on the SURREY I.

MRS GREENAWAY and 3 children.

  • HANNAH HINSHAW ( Henshal/Henshaw) and children. the HINSHAWS were living in KENT STREET in the 1828 Muster ( as were the MacNallys) Husband JOHN on SURREY I.

The GREGORY family who travelled with a convicted mother. In later year Mr Bogg, shoemaker, apprentices one of the Gregory boys. Following the death of their mother and the return to England of their father the Gregory Boys were placed in the MALE ORPHAN SCHOOL- but in 1826, Mr Bogg takes on George. Young Edward is apprenticed to the Institute of Shoemakers, perhaps with some influence from Mr Bogg. Mr Gregory was on the SURREY I as a free settler.

(These are the kind of connections I am seeking. A trip of that nature under the circumstances existent in the lives of the Voyagers – What are the later connections ? What bonds formed during the Journey? How did they overlap on the ship and in the Colony ? Of what import were these people in the lives of the McNallys in after years – if any ? )

ELIZABETH HOWELL and her 3 children.

  • SARAH BLADES. Husband THOMAS on SURRY I.

MARIA COWAN and her son.

MARY MCPHERSON and 3 children.

SUSAN NEWSHAM with 3 children.

  • HANNAH RAE ROBINSON and children. Husband RICHARD on SURREY I.

ELIZABETH TOFT and children.

SARAH TOOL and child. With her husband SARAH and family lived at Castlereagh and Windsor and when defeated by farming. they .like the McNallys came into Sydney to live in Kent Street.

THE WHEELER FAMILY , JANE and children. IN 1828, they were living in Castlereagh street as was Melinda. One of the daughters Maria had married JAMES MORRIS JNR and her sister had married one of the BOGGS.

  • ANN WHITTAKER and her two sons. Her husband THOMAS was on SURRY I with Patrick and in the Colony they went on to run a hotel in the ROCKS.

ELIZABETH WISE and children

DOROTHY WOOD and her daughter.

  • MARY WRIGHT whose husband was on the SURRY I.

 

  • SOPHIA KINGSMORE a convict woman later marries JOHN KING from the SURREY I.

Some of the Broxbornebury voyagers owned or managed hotels in the Colony. An easily accessible meeting place for the Sydneysiders.

Harriet Horne, one of the convict women, made a second marriage to a Mr Drinkwater and they also were living in Kent St in the 1828 Muster.

Norah Murphy one of the convict women was living in Kent St in 1825 Muster.

ANN WILSON married a Mr Hilliard and she died in Kent street in 1839.

___________________________________________________________

 

see also these sites :

 

          http://www.femalefactory.com.au/FFRG/pdfs/D.pdf.

 

 

Sarah THORNTON, now a convict, arrived Sydney Colony on 28th July, 1814 with two of her children, Sarah and Samuel Jnr (who was born on the sea, dated 23rd June 1814), leaving a kid behind in England. They sailed on the “Broxbornebury” while Samuel THORNTON was abroad on the “Somersetshire” as a free settler, arrived on 16th October on the same year. In the shipping records, Samuel THORNTON was stated as 31 years old free settler.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convicts Details

SMITH, Ann of Southrey

Alias:  WARDLE, WARDELL

Age: 31

Crime: Breaking into the shop of William Holland and stealing 7 pieces of print, a web of Irish linen, 36 handkerchiefs, a part of a web of calico, 3 pairs of women’s cotton hose and sundry other articles

Place of crime: Southrey

Court: Assize

Trial date: 31/07/1813

Sentence: Death, commuted to life

Ship: Broxbornebury

Destination: New South Wales

Transportation Date: 1814

Sources Used: Calendar of sentences

Other Remarks: Single woman

Document Ref: MISC DEP 560

http://microsites.lincolnshire.gov.uk/archives/ConvictsResults.asp?court=&destination=&ship=Broxbornebury

 

____________________________________________________________________________

(Elizabeth Hook’s CD Book JOURNEY TO A NEW LIFE , carries many details of the Vessels, Crew, Passengers and their lives in the Colony. ) We purchased this early on and it is valuable and available. Check Google for purchase details. It verifies some of the information we have been locating and, of course,provides much more for those interested in the BROX, the SURREY, the GEORGE HEWITT.

______________________________________________________

NAMES OF CONVICTS ARRIVING IN AUSTRALIA 1811-1813

http://jamesmc.pinewoodrecords.com.au/bk27.htm

___________________________________________________

Highlights and lowlights in the lives of the convict women of Van Diemen’s Land

http://www.notoriousstrumpets.com/Strumpets%20page/Highlights.htm

Louisa Atkins [Broxbornebury] was aged 14 years when transported for larceny.

Alice Robson [Broxbornebury] was forced to walk the 35 miles from George Town to Launceston wearing a 6¼lb iron collar, as punishment for being a ‘profligate adulteress’

__________________

JUDITH MILLARD

http://www.flamstead-herts.co.uk/mag/apr2001.html

Judith was delivered, shamed and ironed in an open cart to Northfleet and placed aboard the convict ship BROXBORNEBURY, and with 119 other female prisoners and settlers, sailed on 22 February 1814 in convoy with the SURRY, carrying 200 male convicts and settlers, for Port Jackson.

 

 

 

 

 

On the 25 May, 1835 Reverend John McGarvie married Edward to Mary Ann Smith at the Scot’s Church in Elizabeth Street, Sydney.

          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Jamison

 

 

    Mary Lawrence, a widow, residing at Sutton Poyntz and late of Melcombe Regis, otherwise called Mary Butt was indicted on 24th March 1813 with feloniously stealing a watch with chain and key, the property of Thomas Courtin, from his dwelling house in Melcombe Regis.

    Mary was aged 22 years when she was tried at the Summer Assizes in August that year and after spending several months in prison, she was transported to Australia for seven years. She left on board the Broxbornebury which arrived in Sydney in July 1814.

     

     

JANE JONES STILWELL WEBSTER
1795 -1868

Jane Jones grew up in the Soho district of London, the daughter of William Jones a glassmaker. She was 4’10 ½” tall, of fair complexion with black hair and hazel eyes. On 16th May 1812 aged 17 she and her friend Ann Rogers aged 15, robbed a public house of 4 loaves of bread, 1lb butter, 5 eggs, 1 fowl, a cheese, silver cutlery, plates, basin, tinder box and the entire till holding 140 pennies, 2,124 halfpennies & 463 farthings. A Beadle and Constable caught them coming home and they were locked up in the Watchhouse. Two months later in the Old Bailey they were found guilty and sentenced to death, but because of their young age the sentence was commuted to transportation to the colonies for life.  READ ON

     

  • http://home.vicnet.net.au/~dcginc/convictsEK.html
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    FAMOUS MURDERER CAUGHT BY THE WIRE

    FAMOUS MURDERER CAUGHT BY THE WIRE

    Now here is a grand story of the 19th Century in Sydneytown. Fresh from the PHARMACEUTICAL JOURNAL OF DEC 2002 BY GEOFF MILLER A retired pharmacist from Nedlands WA. The story of a Quaker Pharmacist and Convict. 

    http://www.pharmj.com/pdf/xmas2002/pj_20021221_bythewire.pdf

    MELINDA KENDALL : HER LIFE AND WRITINGS

    UNWISE SALE OF POISON – POLICE REPORT 1848

    Continuing with the sorting through of the HISTORIC NEWSPAPERS research, here is a police incident in Leeds 1848.

    In 1848, Melinda’s husband Basil Kendall had been arrested and convicted of a crime which at this time I read to be – forging and uttering but which details  I shall reclaim shortly from the bowels of my computer files. He was sentenced to two years hard labour. Whether that was served in Parramatta Gaol as oral history has it or whether he were assigned to Dr Dobie on Gordonbrook Station on the Clarence River – we do not yet know.

    Be that as it it may – in England, Sarah Rich was endeavouring to do away with herself. Drugs appeared to be a problem then as they appear to be in the 21st Century.

    Melinda,according to legend, hearsay and Mr Ackland and Mrs Hamilton-Grey, had taken to the bottle. Certainly it was in this period of the late 1840s to 1852 that she lived on the Clarence with Basil dying there in 1852. We have TW Bawden’s series of lectures on the formative Clarence years and there some wild doings.

    Meanwhile in England –
    norther star and national trades journal  leeds england saturday 21 october 1848 iss 574 police report2

     

     

    northern star and national trades journal  leeds england saturday 21 october 1848 iss 574 police report2

    1815- MR SADLER’S BALLOON

    MELINDA was born October 16th 1815 in Pitt Town on the Hawkesbury River in NSW. She was the fourth child of PATRICK and JUDITH McNally and the first of their children to be born in the Colony of NSW following Patrick’s transportation as a convicted deserter from the 100 Regiment in Canada.

    PITT TOWN LINKS.

    Meanwhile, back in England, Mr Sadler is ascending in his balloon almost certainly oblivious to the life of a small family on the banks of the Hawkesbury.

    From the CALDEONIAN MERCURY , EDINBURGH SCOTLAND , OCTOBER 2 . ISSUE 146402.

    Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh, Scotland), Monday, October 2, 1815; Issue 14640 2

    THE BIRTH OF THE NEWSPAPER IN AUSTRALIA

    http://www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au/articles/newspapers/

     

     

    LYNNE BELL SANDERS