Category Archives: ENGLAND


Jeffrey H Bent had arrived on the Broxbornebury along with Judith and the children on July 28 1814. The Broxbornebury carried some very prestigious people. Judith is not likely to have been one of them with her husband a convict.

Known to have been on the Broxbornebury in the ” upper classes “were :

BARBER, George (c1795-1844) came free to reunite with his mother in Sydney in 1814, when he travelled on the Broxbornebury. His mother’s second husband , Charles Throsby was a surgeon and Magistrate.








It seems that nine of the convicts on the Surrey I had free wives on the Broxbornebury most with children. That means that Judith travelled for months in close company with them. Through deaths, births, illnesses and all the attending circumstances of such a voyage. The voyage lasted 5 months and app 200 people were on board.

For me, I am now wondering what connections might have continued between the McNallys and the other Voyagers once they had arrived in NSW. Most of the Female convicts were sent to the FEMALE FACTORY at PARRAMATTA.

(This is also the year in which John READY came as convict on THE THREE BEES and was assigned to GOVERNMENT HOUSE WINDSOR where his mother, JOHANNAH, was HOUSEKEEPER. JOHANNAH had been transported on the ARCHDUKE CHARLES in 1812.  At the same time ANN MORAN and JOHN CURTIS were in the PARRAMATTA area. )


I am listing them as a group on the presumption that they would have shared quarters or been in very close contact and that they would have had at least slightly different conditions from the convict women.

The CROSS and BOGG families were on board and

JANE DAVIS and her children.

ANN THOMPSON and son WILLIAM. The Pitt Town connection comes in here. Ann’s husband who was an educated convict set up a school at Pitt Town – and Ann joined him on her arrival in 1814.

JOSEPH FERNANCE AND HIS MOTHER MARY. Mary and her husband John had a large number of children once they were reunited and five of these children were born in PITT TOWN as was Melinda.

  • ANNE GAINS and her child JANE. Her husband died on the SURREY I.

MRS GREENAWAY and 3 children.

  • HANNAH HINSHAW ( Henshal/Henshaw) and children. the HINSHAWS were living in KENT STREET in the 1828 Muster ( as were the MacNallys) Husband JOHN on SURREY I.

The GREGORY family who travelled with a convicted mother. In later year Mr Bogg, shoemaker, apprentices one of the Gregory boys. Following the death of their mother and the return to England of their father the Gregory Boys were placed in the MALE ORPHAN SCHOOL- but in 1826, Mr Bogg takes on George. Young Edward is apprenticed to the Institute of Shoemakers, perhaps with some influence from Mr Bogg. Mr Gregory was on the SURREY I as a free settler.

(These are the kind of connections I am seeking. A trip of that nature under the circumstances existent in the lives of the Voyagers – What are the later connections ? What bonds formed during the Journey? How did they overlap on the ship and in the Colony ? Of what import were these people in the lives of the McNallys in after years – if any ? )

ELIZABETH HOWELL and her 3 children.


MARIA COWAN and her son.

MARY MCPHERSON and 3 children.

SUSAN NEWSHAM with 3 children.

  • HANNAH RAE ROBINSON and children. Husband RICHARD on SURREY I.

ELIZABETH TOFT and children.

SARAH TOOL and child. With her husband SARAH and family lived at Castlereagh and Windsor and when defeated by farming. they .like the McNallys came into Sydney to live in Kent Street.

THE WHEELER FAMILY , JANE and children. IN 1828, they were living in Castlereagh street as was Melinda. One of the daughters Maria had married JAMES MORRIS JNR and her sister had married one of the BOGGS.

  • ANN WHITTAKER and her two sons. Her husband THOMAS was on SURRY I with Patrick and in the Colony they went on to run a hotel in the ROCKS.

ELIZABETH WISE and children

DOROTHY WOOD and her daughter.

  • MARY WRIGHT whose husband was on the SURRY I.


  • SOPHIA KINGSMORE a convict woman later marries JOHN KING from the SURREY I.

Some of the Broxbornebury voyagers owned or managed hotels in the Colony. An easily accessible meeting place for the Sydneysiders.

Harriet Horne, one of the convict women, made a second marriage to a Mr Drinkwater and they also were living in Kent St in the 1828 Muster.

Norah Murphy one of the convict women was living in Kent St in 1825 Muster.

ANN WILSON married a Mr Hilliard and she died in Kent street in 1839.



see also these sites :




Sarah THORNTON, now a convict, arrived Sydney Colony on 28th July, 1814 with two of her children, Sarah and Samuel Jnr (who was born on the sea, dated 23rd June 1814), leaving a kid behind in England. They sailed on the “Broxbornebury” while Samuel THORNTON was abroad on the “Somersetshire” as a free settler, arrived on 16th October on the same year. In the shipping records, Samuel THORNTON was stated as 31 years old free settler.












Convicts Details

SMITH, Ann of Southrey


Age: 31

Crime: Breaking into the shop of William Holland and stealing 7 pieces of print, a web of Irish linen, 36 handkerchiefs, a part of a web of calico, 3 pairs of women’s cotton hose and sundry other articles

Place of crime: Southrey

Court: Assize

Trial date: 31/07/1813

Sentence: Death, commuted to life

Ship: Broxbornebury

Destination: New South Wales

Transportation Date: 1814

Sources Used: Calendar of sentences

Other Remarks: Single woman

Document Ref: MISC DEP 560



(Elizabeth Hook’s CD Book JOURNEY TO A NEW LIFE , carries many details of the Vessels, Crew, Passengers and their lives in the Colony. ) We purchased this early on and it is valuable and available. Check Google for purchase details. It verifies some of the information we have been locating and, of course,provides much more for those interested in the BROX, the SURREY, the GEORGE HEWITT.




Highlights and lowlights in the lives of the convict women of Van Diemen’s Land

Louisa Atkins [Broxbornebury] was aged 14 years when transported for larceny.

Alice Robson [Broxbornebury] was forced to walk the 35 miles from George Town to Launceston wearing a 6¼lb iron collar, as punishment for being a ‘profligate adulteress’



Judith was delivered, shamed and ironed in an open cart to Northfleet and placed aboard the convict ship BROXBORNEBURY, and with 119 other female prisoners and settlers, sailed on 22 February 1814 in convoy with the SURRY, carrying 200 male convicts and settlers, for Port Jackson.






On the 25 May, 1835 Reverend John McGarvie married Edward to Mary Ann Smith at the Scot’s Church in Elizabeth Street, Sydney.



    Mary Lawrence, a widow, residing at Sutton Poyntz and late of Melcombe Regis, otherwise called Mary Butt was indicted on 24th March 1813 with feloniously stealing a watch with chain and key, the property of Thomas Courtin, from his dwelling house in Melcombe Regis.

    Mary was aged 22 years when she was tried at the Summer Assizes in August that year and after spending several months in prison, she was transported to Australia for seven years. She left on board the Broxbornebury which arrived in Sydney in July 1814.



1795 -1868

Jane Jones grew up in the Soho district of London, the daughter of William Jones a glassmaker. She was 4’10 ½” tall, of fair complexion with black hair and hazel eyes. On 16th May 1812 aged 17 she and her friend Ann Rogers aged 15, robbed a public house of 4 loaves of bread, 1lb butter, 5 eggs, 1 fowl, a cheese, silver cutlery, plates, basin, tinder box and the entire till holding 140 pennies, 2,124 halfpennies & 463 farthings. A Beadle and Constable caught them coming home and they were locked up in the Watchhouse. Two months later in the Old Bailey they were found guilty and sentenced to death, but because of their young age the sentence was commuted to transportation to the colonies for life.  READ ON

















    Continuing with the sorting through of the HISTORIC NEWSPAPERS research, here is a police incident in Leeds 1848.

    In 1848, Melinda’s husband Basil Kendall had been arrested and convicted of a crime which at this time I read to be – forging and uttering but which details  I shall reclaim shortly from the bowels of my computer files. He was sentenced to two years hard labour. Whether that was served in Parramatta Gaol as oral history has it or whether he were assigned to Dr Dobie on Gordonbrook Station on the Clarence River – we do not yet know.

    Be that as it it may – in England, Sarah Rich was endeavouring to do away with herself. Drugs appeared to be a problem then as they appear to be in the 21st Century.

    Melinda,according to legend, hearsay and Mr Ackland and Mrs Hamilton-Grey, had taken to the bottle. Certainly it was in this period of the late 1840s to 1852 that she lived on the Clarence with Basil dying there in 1852. We have TW Bawden’s series of lectures on the formative Clarence years and there some wild doings.

    Meanwhile in England –
    norther star and national trades journal  leeds england saturday 21 october 1848 iss 574 police report2



    northern star and national trades journal  leeds england saturday 21 october 1848 iss 574 police report2