Back to the 1812 War and Canada. From the INTERNET ARCHIVE, some more books and notes including articles referring to DESERTERS in the Military. Patrick McNally was absent from his Regiment from 1810-1812 and his court martial resulted in his transportation to New South Wales. To place him in the context of the times and places, here are some other desertions and their consequences.
Irving, L. Homfray; Canadian Military Institute
PATRICK MCNALLY was a soldier of the 100 Regiment in Canada at the time of his Court Martial.
FROM THE CALEDONIAN MERCURY APRIL 13 1812. GLASGOW.
THE HULL PACKET AND ORIGINAL WEEKLY. 1809 JULY 18
From the Sydney Gazettes of the late 1830s and early 1840s, there appears to be a period of land sales in Balgownie and Fairy Meadow. At this stage, research is indicating that William and Mary McNally had 50 acres of land each at Fairy Meadow or Fernhill. Unfortunately, some of this information comes from unexplained sources and/or from Mrs Hamilton-Grey with familiarly emotive deductions. Nevertheless there is enough legitimate evidence to suggest that there were adjoining grants belonging to William McNally and James and Mary(McNally) Martin which were acquired in 1830. There is a later suggestion that in app 1840, James Martin sold the grant of 50 acres which had been either his and Mary’s or Mary’s alone and vanished then without further record. It is at this time that Dr Cox appears in the story and Patrick McNally is listed as his tenant. Be that as it may, here are some aspects of the situation in the Illawarra in the 1830s and 1840s. Background again.
FROM MR ALICK OSBORNE SURGEON ROYAL NAVY
Preston Chronicle (Preston, England), Saturday, October 5, 1833; Issue 1101.
ON 25 JUNE 1829, Sydney Gazettte and NSW Advertiser –
Twenty pounds Reward was advertised WITH A TICKET OF LEAVE – to anyone who lodged the following in gaol or gave information leading to their arrests.
The felons were two black natives BROGER and GEORGE MURPHY. They were suspected of being involved in the murder of JOHN RIVETTS and were at large and committing various depredations in the ILLAWARRA DISTRICT.
Freeman’s Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser (Dublin, Ireland), Friday, July 19, 1839
On the 23 January 1839 a son was born to the lady of Captain Raitt 80 Regiment at the ILLAWARRA STOCKADE.
THE MCNALLYS being Irish Catholic;
In the Illawarra: 1830, JOHN WYLLIE had a grant of 4000 acres bounded on the south by his own land on the north by a chain of hills and on the east by Mrs Jenkins.
IMPOUNDED, at Illawarra, on the 2d of December, 1829, one red and white Cow, white tail, snail horns, branded on the near hip IS. If not owned within fourteen days from this date, will be sold at the Pound, to defray expenses.
By Order of the Resident Magistrate, JAMES PIERCE, Poundkeeper. Wollongong, Jan. 8, 1830. [12s.
The Sydney Gazette and… Thursday 14 January 1830,
|RATIONS FOR TROOPS AND MOUNTED POLICE STATIONED AT WOLLONGONG OR AT ANY OTHER DISTRICT OF ILLAWARRA. NOVEMBER 1829
daily for each soldier
1lb of bread or biscuit
or; 14 2-7 oz flour from which 20 per cent has been deducted in Bran and Pollard
and; 1lb fresh or salt beef
women one half and children one quarter of the above.
daily for each horse
FROM A BRITISH NEWSPAPER OF THE 1820s : a period during which Melinda lived first with her family in the Hawkesbury Region and then in Rev Richard Hill’s household in Castlereagh Street, Sydney.
MELINDA KENDALL : HER LIFE AND WRITINGS
MELINDA was born October 16th 1815 in Pitt Town on the Hawkesbury River in NSW. She was the fourth child of PATRICK and JUDITH McNally and the first of their children to be born in the Colony of NSW following Patrick’s transportation as a convicted deserter from the 100 Regiment in Canada.
PITT TOWN LINKS.
Meanwhile, back in England, Mr Sadler is ascending in his balloon almost certainly oblivious to the life of a small family on the banks of the Hawkesbury.
From the CALDEONIAN MERCURY , EDINBURGH SCOTLAND , OCTOBER 2 . ISSUE 146402.
THE BIRTH OF THE NEWSPAPER IN AUSTRALIA
LYNNE BELL SANDERS
Emerging from my 10 days with access through SAG to GALE HISTORIC NEWSPAPERS OF THE UK as kept in the BRITISH LIBRARY this extract is a part of the backdrop of the World in the year prior to Melinda’s Birth.
Placing the extract in context :1814 SEES Patrick and Judith and the three children – Mary , William and Eliza sailing from England to New South Wales. Patrick as a convict on the Surrey I and Judith coming “free” on the Broxbornebury.
extract from the CALEDONIAN MERCURY AUGUST 29 1814 :
FROM THE CALEDONIAN MERCURY EDINBURGH SCOTLAND SEPTEMBER 16 1811 ISSUE 14002