Category Archives: WOMEN IN 19th CENTURY


David Clement said

July 7, 2009 at 11:24 pm e

I am researching Bryan Overend, one time captain of Lady Nelson and Estramina, and crew member of Emu when it sank at Cape Town 1816. He disappears from sight after this. Do you have any information on Bryan, please.



D. Clements is looking for info on one Bryan Overend( Overhand).

My own ancestor Thomas Sanders appears to be mentioned there as well. From the 1700s as well as more McNallys.  Can you help ?

  • Thomas Anderson
    A School Teacher in early New South Wales
    by Grahame Thom



Thanks to MARK GREGORY’s research, we have been led to a 1795 verse from the ROCHDALE FOOD RIOTS in the UK. This forms the chorus and partial verse of Melinda’s  COLLIER’S STRIKE SONG which is written about an ILLAWARRA COAL STRIKE.

The ROCHDALE  BUROUGH WIDE CULTURAL TRUST WEBSITE informs us that they located the verse on a typewritten piece of paper in their archives which a long ago librarian had typed up. At this time, that’s all the details we have. Mark and his compatriots see an indication of the ongoing thread of working class folklorist tradition extending to Melinda’s song.

Below are some  articles referring to the situation in Rochdale in 1795.

JULY 1795

Whitehall Evening Post (London, England), Saturday, July 11, 1795; Issue 7593

The MORNING POST and FASHIONABLE WORLD of AUGUST 6 1795 reported riots in which three people were killed  by the VOLUNTEERS. The riots continued after the letters had left.

The COURIER AND EVENING GAZETTE of AUGUST 11(LONDON ENGLAND) gave the names and details of the men killed. One was 80 years old and in no way connected with the riots and other by the name of FLETCHER was equally uninvolved. A boy had his arm broken and many more were wounded by the VOLUNTEER FENCIBLES.

FROM THE STAR Star (London, England), Monday, August 24, 1795; Issue 2189.

Star (London, England), Monday, August 24, 1795; Issue 2189.


In the last month, 2 descendants of ELIZA have contacted us. Louise, who is related through EMELIA BOLLARD has forwarded this baptismal certificate and has give me permission to place her musings on the site. She is happy that it might help someone else researching as we are.




Bollard Family

Thomas Bollard (sometimes spelt Ballard) lived at Hardwick Yass in 1850 when he married Emma Whitehouse who also lived at Hardwick. Hardwick was one of three early historic properties established in the early 1800’s, Cooma Cottage, Douro and Hardwicke, by Henry and Cornelius O’Brien.

Henry O’Brien had Hardwick between 1837 and 1852 and during that time helped to save the Australian wool industry from bankruptcy. English demand for wool had dropped so prices plummeted, Henry developed melt down works on Hardwick designed to boil down sheep for tallow, which was sold to England and use for making gunpowder. It is believed that Hardwick is the original route that Hume and Hovell took through that area.

Emma and Thomas both appeared to be working there at the time of their marriage in 1850.

They were married in the Presbyterian Church.

Ellen…1851, John…1854, Thomas …1856, Mary…1859, William…1862, James (Joseph James)…1869, Patrick…1873, 2 other males.

Not much known about Thomas except he was born in Ireland and was about 55 in 1862 when William was born. He went to the Araluen goldfields early in their marriage. After which he worked as a manager of Middlingbank Station near Cooma. After this they moved to Molonglo Station where Thomas worked. It was during this time that the family encountered the Clarke Brothers Bushranger gang, Emma several times by herself with the children.

Their son Jack (probably John)  was speared and boomeranged at Coopers Creek, when he was about 24. He went to Northern Queensland as a stockman and the family were never able to discover what had happened to him, but presumed he had been killed by aborigines.

Emma was 30 when William Albert was born in 1862. At the time of her death on the 31st July 1912, she was living with her son James, at 61 Buckland St Chippendale Sydney.

James indicated that her parents names were James Whitehouse and Bridget McNally, but on tracing records it seems feasible that he didn’t know their Christian names , or there was a mix-up on the form , as his name was James and his wife’s was Bridget. It appears more than likely that Emma (he spelt it Amelia) was actually Elizabeth Emelia Whitehouse born at The Sand Hills (later Surrey Hills) in Sydney and baptised on 25th July 1833 at St Mary’s Cathedral, Sydney.

Her parents were recorded as Albert Whitehouse (printer) and Elizabeth McNally.

Emma is easily adapted from Emelia.

Family vocal history has always indicated that there was a connection with Henry Kendall, it is most likely that Emma’s mother , Elizabeth was a sister of Melinda McNally who married Basil Kendall and subsequently had a son Henry Kendall, the poet. This made Emma his first cousin.

There was no ‘Bridget’ McNally in that family and all other sisters have been accounted for, so this adds weight to the family vocal history and the evidence pointing to Emma’s parents being Albert and Elizabeth (known as Eliza). The ship she came to Australia with the Mcnally Family in 1814 was the Broxbornebury, but on the Baptism cert for Emma it says ship’ 5 Islands’, this is a mystery, but no record of a ship of that name appears to have existed. It could have been the journey they came on as the Broxenbornbury did pass islands and pick up some stranded people, and it is not unlikely that a child of ten would mix up the name of a ship later on. Her parents were Patrick McNally and Judith Kilfroy McDermott, he was convicted for desertion from the 100thregiment whilst serving in Canada and sent out for life.

Albert was a convict, convicted and sentenced for life at Worcester on the 8/3/1828 and sent on the ship Eliza. Records in the Sydney gazette of mid 1833 show an Albert Whitehouse, printer up on charges of forgery. He got off, due to lack of evidence, but others where charged, at the time he worked for a lithographer ( Henry Allen) in Pitt St as a printer. He was described as an artist on Emma’s death certificate, and a printer on her baptism certificate.

A comment was made in the court of being sent out for inappropriate use of printing skills.

Records show that an Albert Whitehouse died in 1833, it hasn’t been confirmed that that was him, but it seems a strange coincidence that Emma was baptised in July 1833 after having been born in 1831. Maybe he died and Elizabeth then baptised her a catholic. There is no record of any other children born to them.

There is a record of an Elizabeth Whitehouse death in 1857 at age 68 in Sydney, and also an Elizabeth Whitehouse appears on the 1841 census living at Surrey hills. Not yet proven that this was Emma’s mother but, Emma was born at the Sand Hills which later became part of Surrey Hills. To date no marriage record for Albert and Elizabeth has been found.

Another coincidence is that Emma and Thomas’s son James was also involved in the printing business, being a compositor. Moya Britten (William Bollard’s granddaughter, James’s grand niece) remembers James coming to visit her grandparents, at the Captains Flat Store, with all his newspaper friends.  William would take them to the river on fishing trips, leaving Bedelia to mind the store.  She also has vivid memories of visiting James when she was a child when they lived in Stanmore, after they moved from Chippendale. She can recall the smell of gas from cooking and perhaps lights etc of that area. She was terrified of a lady in the street who would go out into her front yard in her night dress.

James served in the 1st Pioneer Battalion, 5th Reinforcement, from Oct 1915 to July 1917 at the Western Front from August 1916 to July 1917.




The Five Islands was the name given to the Illawarra region by the explorers of the late 1700’s and early 1800’s.The earliest reference to this has been traced to Bass (of Bass and Flinders fame) Journal in the Whaleboat.



Romanticism & Gender

By Anne Kostelanetz Mellor

Mellor, Anne Kostelanetz.
Were Women Writers “Romantics”?
MLQ: Modern Language Quarterly – Volume 62, Number 4, December 2001, pp. 393-405

Taking twenty women writers of the Romantic period, Romanticism and Gender explores a neglected period of the female literary tradition, and for the first time gives a broad overview of Romantic literature from a feminist…  drawing_30565_md1891

Sarah Helen Power Whitman

(January 19, 1803 – June 27, 1878)
Poet, Essayist, Transcendentalist, Spiritualist;
Romantic interest of Edgar Allen Poe

Sarah Helen Power Whitman was born in Providence, Rhode Island. Her father was a prosperous merchant, but went bankrupt in the War of 1812. On a trip to the West Indies, he was captured by the British and, although he was released, chose not to return to his family for another 19 years.





Written by Herself

By Frances Smith Foster


This is the first comprehensive cultural of history of literature by African American women prior to the Twentieth century. Beginning with the earliest extant writings, Frances Smith Foster her textual analysis 



(December 10, 1830 – May 15, 1886)
Poet, lived in Amherst, Massachusetts

Emily Dickinson, whose odd and inventive poems helped to initiate modern poetry, is an enigma, a mystery, a paradox.

Only ten of her poems were published in her lifetime. We know of her work only because her sister and two of her long-time friends brought them to public attention.

Most of the poems we have were written in just six years, between 1858 and 1864. She bound them into small volumes she called fascicles, and forty of these were found in her room at her death.

She also shared poems with friends in letters. From the few drafts of letters that were not destroyed, at her instruction, when she died, it’s apparent that she worked on each letter as a piece of artwork in itself, often picking phrases that she’d used years before. Sometimes she changed little, sometimes she changed a lot.

It’s hard to even tell for sure what “a poem” by Dickinson really “is,” because she changed and edited and reworked so many, writing them differently to different correspondents


Private Woman, Public Stage

By Mary Kelley

In the decades spanning the nineteenth century, thousands of women entered the literary marketplace. Twelve of the century’s most successful women writers provide the focus for Mary Kelley’s landmark study



Postcolonial Poetry in English

By Rajeev Shridhar Patke
This book offers an introductory survey of contemporary poetry in English from all the regions that have developed into modern nations from the former British Empire. It is ideally suited for readers interested in world.










original poetry  – by a lady.

Thou bid’st me deck my face in smiles

That wears a heart so sad;

Thou bid’st me court gay pleasure’s wiles,

When nought can make me glad.


How can I wear a chaplet gay,

Of fancy’s brightest flow’rs?

Or sing a merry roundelay,

And dance away the hours?


A smile of grief is all I know,

Of gloomy sorrow born;

A with’ring sense of bitter woe,

O’erpow’rs this heart forlorn.


I’ll pluck the gloomy cypress tree

To dress my aching brows;

“Twill make a garland met for me,

“Twined with the dark death rose.


No strains of mirth my notes employ,

To hasten time’s dull wing;

For ev’ry lost departed joy,

I mournful requiems sing.