In the last month, 2 descendants of ELIZA have contacted us. Louise, who is related through EMELIA BOLLARD has forwarded this baptismal certificate and has give me permission to place her musings on the site. She is happy that it might help someone else researching as we are.
Thomas Bollard (sometimes spelt Ballard) lived at Hardwick Yass in 1850 when he married Emma Whitehouse who also lived at Hardwick. Hardwick was one of three early historic properties established in the early 1800’s, Cooma Cottage, Douro and Hardwicke, by Henry and Cornelius O’Brien.
Henry O’Brien had Hardwick between 1837 and 1852 and during that time helped to save the Australian wool industry from bankruptcy. English demand for wool had dropped so prices plummeted, Henry developed melt down works on Hardwick designed to boil down sheep for tallow, which was sold to England and use for making gunpowder. It is believed that Hardwick is the original route that Hume and Hovell took through that area.
Emma and Thomas both appeared to be working there at the time of their marriage in 1850.
They were married in the Presbyterian Church.
Ellen…1851, John…1854, Thomas …1856, Mary…1859, William…1862, James (Joseph James)…1869, Patrick…1873, 2 other males.
Not much known about Thomas except he was born in Ireland and was about 55 in 1862 when William was born. He went to the Araluen goldfields early in their marriage. After which he worked as a manager of Middlingbank Station near Cooma. After this they moved to Molonglo Station where Thomas worked. It was during this time that the family encountered the Clarke Brothers Bushranger gang, Emma several times by herself with the children.
Their son Jack (probably John) was speared and boomeranged at Coopers Creek, when he was about 24. He went to Northern Queensland as a stockman and the family were never able to discover what had happened to him, but presumed he had been killed by aborigines.
Emma was 30 when William Albert was born in 1862. At the time of her death on the 31st July 1912, she was living with her son James, at 61 Buckland St Chippendale Sydney.
James indicated that her parents names were James Whitehouse and Bridget McNally, but on tracing records it seems feasible that he didn’t know their Christian names , or there was a mix-up on the form , as his name was James and his wife’s was Bridget. It appears more than likely that Emma (he spelt it Amelia) was actually Elizabeth Emelia Whitehouse born at The Sand Hills (later Surrey Hills) in Sydney and baptised on 25th July 1833 at St Mary’s Cathedral, Sydney.
Her parents were recorded as Albert Whitehouse (printer) and Elizabeth McNally.
Emma is easily adapted from Emelia.
Family vocal history has always indicated that there was a connection with Henry Kendall, it is most likely that Emma’s mother , Elizabeth was a sister of Melinda McNally who married Basil Kendall and subsequently had a son Henry Kendall, the poet. This made Emma his first cousin.
There was no ‘Bridget’ McNally in that family and all other sisters have been accounted for, so this adds weight to the family vocal history and the evidence pointing to Emma’s parents being Albert and Elizabeth (known as Eliza). The ship she came to Australia with the Mcnally Family in 1814 was the Broxbornebury, but on the Baptism cert for Emma it says ship’ 5 Islands’, this is a mystery, but no record of a ship of that name appears to have existed. It could have been the journey they came on as the Broxenbornbury did pass islands and pick up some stranded people, and it is not unlikely that a child of ten would mix up the name of a ship later on. Her parents were Patrick McNally and Judith Kilfroy McDermott, he was convicted for desertion from the 100thregiment whilst serving in Canada and sent out for life.
Albert was a convict, convicted and sentenced for life at Worcester on the 8/3/1828 and sent on the ship Eliza. Records in the Sydney gazette of mid 1833 show an Albert Whitehouse, printer up on charges of forgery. He got off, due to lack of evidence, but others where charged, at the time he worked for a lithographer ( Henry Allen) in Pitt St as a printer. He was described as an artist on Emma’s death certificate, and a printer on her baptism certificate.
A comment was made in the court of being sent out for inappropriate use of printing skills.
Records show that an Albert Whitehouse died in 1833, it hasn’t been confirmed that that was him, but it seems a strange coincidence that Emma was baptised in July 1833 after having been born in 1831. Maybe he died and Elizabeth then baptised her a catholic. There is no record of any other children born to them.
There is a record of an Elizabeth Whitehouse death in 1857 at age 68 in Sydney, and also an Elizabeth Whitehouse appears on the 1841 census living at Surrey hills. Not yet proven that this was Emma’s mother but, Emma was born at the Sand Hills which later became part of Surrey Hills. To date no marriage record for Albert and Elizabeth has been found.
Another coincidence is that Emma and Thomas’s son James was also involved in the printing business, being a compositor. Moya Britten (William Bollard’s granddaughter, James’s grand niece) remembers James coming to visit her grandparents, at the Captains Flat Store, with all his newspaper friends. William would take them to the river on fishing trips, leaving Bedelia to mind the store. She also has vivid memories of visiting James when she was a child when they lived in Stanmore, after they moved from Chippendale. She can recall the smell of gas from cooking and perhaps lights etc of that area. She was terrified of a lady in the street who would go out into her front yard in her night dress.
James served in the 1st Pioneer Battalion, 5th Reinforcement, from Oct 1915 to July 1917 at the Western Front from August 1916 to July 1917.